Title: 1990 - Care Perspectives of Periodontal Disease in Colombian Dental Schools
Maria Aristizabal (Presenter)
Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Ibett Sanchez, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Andrea Escalante, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Silvia Duarte, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Luisa Lopez, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Maria Garcia, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Dennys Garcia, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Adriana Jaramillo, Institución Universitaria Colegios de Colombia - Unicoc
Gloria Aranzazu, Universityersidad Santo Tomas
Juan Pava, Universidad Antonio Nariño
Martha Lopez, Universidad Antonio Nariño
Sandra Aguilera, Institución Universitaria Colegios de Colombia - Unicoc
Gloria Moreno, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Objectives: Characterize the care perspective of students and teachers of patients with periodontal disease in 6 Colombian Dental Schools
Methods: This qualitative exploratory study used an anonymous web questionnaire in which students and periodontics professors from adult clinics from 6 Colombian Dental Schools participated and had the endorsement of the ethics committee.
It included 22 open questions based on a case of a patient with periodontal disease, to explore: 1. The perspective of care focused on: the patient, the professional / student or the theory. 2. Identification and understanding of risk factors 3. Intervention actions. The analysis of results was performed in pairs, with software NVivo 12, the data was organized in categories based on theoretical aspects of reference, and emergent categories from the participant’s speech.
Results: 180 participants answered the questionnaire. Students approached periodontal disease most from a professional / student-centered perspective, followed by patient-centered and theory-centered. The identification, management and control of risk factors for the most of the participants was limited to oral cavity mainly to oral hygiene without any follow up through the academic period, few recognized systemic and/or socioeconomic risk factors. Most of the respondents recognize themselves as only treatment performers and their actions are mainly focused on oral hygiene using instruction, education and persuasion in a traditional informative model, in which the role of the patient is passive. In contrast, most teachers focus their attention on the patient, with an integral approach, they recognize themselves as only treatment performers, and the role of the patient remains passive.
Conclusions: The periodontal disease approach of the students was focused on their training process, limited to the oral cavity with patients in a passive role, this may limit the possibility to achieve behavior changes that may allow to control PD
This abstract is based on research that was funded entirely or partially by an outside source:
The submitter must disclose the names of the organizations with which any author have a relationship, the nature of the relationship, and the clinical or research area involved. The following is submitted: NONE